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18 Jul 2002

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Personal and Business Sketches

Allen & Mackenzie

The head-quarters of this firm are at Moose Jaw, N.W.T. They are the original hop-beer men of the Northwest. Their buildings at Moose Jaw are large and well fitted up. They do a large business extending over a distance of over 800 miles-from Winnipeg to the Columbia River. They manufacture light beers, porters, and other temperance drinks, Their branch here is in charge of Mr. Mackenzie, Mr. Allen having the management at Moose Jaw.  

Bain Bros.

These gentlemen's stables are situated at the rear of the Grand Central Hotel. They commenced business in 1883, on the east side of the river, and during the rush to the west side they joined in the agitation, removing their large stable, and also about twenty buildings for other people. Messrs. Bain Bros. keep first-class saddle-horses, and driving teams and rigs, and take care of horses. They are courteous and attentive to their customers, and are getting a large share of the trade..

J.G. Baker & Co.

This firm, which is well and favorably known all over the western country, may be justly regarded as the mercantile fathers of Calgary. The reader will see, from a perusal of the historical sketch of the town in the front part of the book, that they arrived here and established their business in 1875. Besides building the Mounted Police Post, they erected a trading post for themselves in the bend of the Elbow, which they still occupy. Their head-quarters are at St. Louis (Mo.), and their store at Benton (Mon. Ter.) has been one of the institutions of the west for many a year. The business here was first in charge of Mr. ______. For the it has been in charge of Mr. J. L. Bowen, whose courtesy and affability have maintained the old popularity of the firm. Indeed, we may truthfully say that Messrs J. G. Baker & Co. are the pioneer traders of this portion of the district, as well as of Calgary. They also have a branch a Fort MacLeod, in charge of Mr. Davis. The firm have a second store on McTavish street, south of the Royal Hotel. This is for the convenience of their customers, as their wholesale warehouses are situated on the Elbow, about three-quarters of a mile from the branch store. In the palmy days the business done by this firm was something which may be measured by the word ~' immense." Their business principles have always squared with their actions, and upon this line, as frontier traders, they built up a colossal trade, and made their business a financial success.

Bannerman & Co.

This firm keep on hand a large stock of books, stationery, and fancy goods, including school-books, blank-books, family Bibles, dictionaries, drawing papers, tracing-cloth, etc. Their store is in the post-office, Stephen avenue. They commenced business a year ago, and always have a large stock on hand. Mr. James Bannerman is manager. He is also assistant-postmaster, and since his arrival here, which dates from last fall, he has made many friends by his strict attention to and zealous activity in the discharge of his onerous duties.

Joseph Bannerman

This gentleman keeps a tobacco and cigar store, next door to the Northwest Land Company's office, Stephen avenue. His stock consists of the choicest brands.

L.H. Barrett

The livery, feed, and sale stables of this gentleman are situated on the east side of the Elbow. He started about a year ago, and keeps on hard about $3,000 worth of stock. His stables and equipment are first-class in all respects.

W.E. Bliss

Although a High River ranchman, and not necessarily coming within the scope of our pamphlet, we have made an exception of the subject of this sketch, because he is well and favorably known in Calgary, and does not fail to take a lively interest in its welfare. Mr. Bliss commenced ranching about three years ago, in company with Mr. Bell, also well and favorably known here. Mr. Bell went to Montreal a few weeks ago, where he will probably remain, as he has gone out of the business, which, however, Mr. Bliss continues. He has 40 head of horses and 600 head of sheep on his ranch, and as he is a practical man and a hard worker, he cannot fail of success. He has a good location and a host of well-wishers.

H.Y. Bleeker

This gentleman opened his office as barrister, attorney, and solicitor, on the east side of the river, in , 188 . He practised for a year or so at Edmonton; and came from Belleville, Ont. Mr. Bleeker became a west-sider in June last, removing his office to its present location~next to Dr. Lindsay's, Stephen avenue east. He has a large practice, especially in the courts; and last month he was appointed town solicitor.

Buck & Smith

This firm carry on the business of builders and contractors. Their establishment is situated on Atlantic avenue east, near King & Co.'s. Mr. Smith formerly carried on business on his own account. The present partnership is of recent date. They are first-class workmen, and at the present time have several extensive contracts on hand. Their card will be found in our advertising pages.

Thomas S. Burns

Dates his arrival from August, 1883. He is from East Linton, Haddingtonshire, Scotland, but has spent a few years in Canada, especially in the Northwest. His business is that of auctioneer, valuator, and justice of the peace. He is one of the publishers of this pamphlet, and in all matters affecting the welfare of Calgary he has been a firm and devoted friend. His office is on Stephen avenue, Calgary east, opposite Parrish & Co. s. His advertisement will be found on another page.

Joseph Butland

The subject of this sketch arrived at Fort McLeod, in 1874, from Barrowfield, near Kingston, Ont, to which place he belongs. His claims as an oldtimer are therefore admitted. Mr. Butland was connected with the Mounted Police force. He remained at Fort MacLeod about a year, and came to Fort Calgary in 1875, the year the post was built, and has continued here ever since. In 1880 he left the force and located on his present ranch, on the northwest quarter of section 33, township 23, range 1, west of the fifth principal meridian. His house is about two and a half miles from town Mr. Butland has 60 head of cattle and 17 head of horses on the ranch, besides a number of small stock. Twenty-five acres of land are broken, and there are a good barn and stable. The farm borders on the Elbow River, and for a distance of 300 yards on the exposed bank a seam of splendid freestone about six feet in depth crops out. This stone has been examined by Major Bowles, Mr. Ross (of the Canadian Pacific construction company), Mr. Shields (of the Canadian Pacific Railway), Sheriff Chapleau and Mr. Henderson (of the Public Works Department), and Mr. Redpath, and they pronounce it to be of the very best quality. Mr. Butland, as the owner of this valuable quarry, is certainly to be congratulated as possessing a real "bonanza." The distance from this outcropping stone to the nearest point on the Canadian Pacific Railway line is only two miles, and as the quarry is to be worked by enterprising capitalists, a spur-line can easily be constructed. Last summer a wash-out occurred on the Elbow River, leaving exposed a seam of shale, which Mr. Tyrrell (of Dr. Dawson's staff) pronounced as a sure indication of the existence of coal in the immediate vicinity so that Mr. Butland has both coal and freestone under his farm. Mr. B. recently paid a visit to his old home, near Kingston, after an absence of ten years, but he saw no place superior to Calgary and its surroundings.  

Calgary Theatre Hall

This institution was erected last year. It is with the exception of Fraser's rink, the largest building in town. It was built last summer. Messrs. Whitman & Buck were the contractors. The stage and fixtures were completed under the supervision of Mr. T. H. Dunne. The whole enterprise is due to Capt. Boynton who is now in England. Capt. Boynton has been the means of assisting the building industry of the place, three or four large buildings in the town being due to his enterprise. Calgary Theatre Hall has been leased to Mr. T. H. Dunne, who has formed a local dramatic troupe, whose talented performances furnish the people with healthy amusement.

Colin N. Campbell

This gentleman located in Calgary November, 1883. He is a son of the Hone. C. J. Campbell, of Nova Scotia, and was admitted to the Bar of Nova Scotia in 1872. Mr. Campbell, immediately on his arrival here began the practice of his profession, first hanging out his shingle near J. G. Baker's, then on the Denny estate. During the "exodus" Mr. Campbell joined the immigration and became a west-sider, moving his office to Stephen avenue east, near the residence of Lindsay. Mr. Campbell enjoys a good practice. He keeps abreast of the times, and he makes a specialty of office work and the more intricate forms of conveyancing.

J.E.B. Campbell

Dates his arrival from the summer of 1883. Mr. Campbell is a practical builder and he does substantial work . He has put up under contract a number of buildings in the town, among others, Alex Macdonald's large feed and livery stables, Stephen avenue, opposite Parrish & Co.

Mr. Campbell has been appointed town assessor for the current year, and he is now engaged in the work of assessment. He is a warm friend of the town, and a live municipal politician

the Canada Northwest Land Co.

This popular Company are the trustees and part-owners of all the towns and villages along the line of the Canadian Pacific Railway from Brandon to the Rocky Mountains. Two years ago they purchased from the Canadian Pacific Railway Company 5,000,000 acres of the Railway Company's land grant in the Northwest together with half an interest in the sites of all the towns and villages located during the construction and within one year of the completion of the railway from Winnipeg to the Pacific Coast. This comprises a distance of upwards of 800 miles, and the lands comprised in their 'purchase are for the most part adjacent to the main line of the rail-way and in the fertile prairies of southern Manitoba, the admitted garden of that province.

As one of the stipulations of the railway grant from the Dominion is the lands must be suitable for settlement, this condition also applies to the lands of the Canada Northwest Land Company. The capital necessary to carry on this commendable enterprise has been secured in England, Scotland and Canada. The necessary powers to assist emigration and colonization are contained in their articles of Association.

The management of the Company is in the hands of a home Board of Directors, also a local board in the city of Winnipeg. This Company has already won the highest esteem from the public both for the honorable as well as generous manner in which it has acted to-wards those who have had dealings with it. Their general terms for town lots are one third cash, balance in one and two years, with six percent, interest. They have half an interest in Whitewood, Grenfell, Oak Lake, Alexander, Virden, Moosomin, Broadview, Moose Jaw, Qu'Appelle, Regina, Medicine Hat and Calgary. The town of Calgary was laid out on January 14th, 1884. At that time there were only two or three railway sheds on section 15 on which the town site is located. The terms offered by the North west Land Company through their agent, Mr. N. T. Ramsay, were $300 per lot on Atlantic and Pacific avenues, $450 for corners ; $50 down, and a rebate of one-half if proper buildings were put up on the lots before the 15th of April.

The Company also gave preference in purchasing to the residents. of the town. This offer was generally accepted, and the terms in most cases complied with. This generous dealing with the pioneers of a town stand out in bold relief against the meanness and positive dishonesty shown towards settlers by certain land companies we could name, and it is this generous dealing that has secured for the Canada Northwest Land Company the popularity which they are sure to retain so long as they are guided by such Conduct. They exact building conditions to the value of $500 on lots purchased, so that undue speculation is kept down, and thus confidence is maintained. The Company are now selling lots on Angus avenue for $50.00 each. Angus avenue is beautifully situated in full view of the Bow River and already a building boom has commenced there. The Company last year built a neat and handsome land office, which is occupied by their agent, Mr. N. T. Ramsay, who will give the enquirer the fullest information concerning lots and lands belonging to the Company.

Without disparagement to the other towns in which the Company are interested, we are bound to remark that Calgary is without exception the prettiest and the most eligibly situated of them all. The chief manager of the Company for Manitoba and the North-west is William B. Scarth, Esq., Winnipeg, to whose experience, energy and judgment the Company are largely indebted for their prestige and popularity.

Chipman & Co.

This firm are in the hardware line. They did business first on ~he the east side of the river, but last year they moved over to their present premises McTavish street, opposite J. G. Baker & Co.'s branch store. They keep on hand a very large stock of hardware. Mr. Chipman is one of the principal owners of the Halifax Ranche Co. The hardware business has been chiefly under the management of Mr. Fowler, his nephew. This firm are about to close their business at this point.

James Carrol

Dates back to 1874. He was also in the Mounted Police force and served with credit. He was engaged by Messrs. King & Co. in the summer of 1883, and he is an efficient and a courteous salesman in that enterprising firm. Mr. Carroll has also a ranch, on which he has made improvements.

Clark & Beaudwin

This firm are proprietors of the Castle Mountain Billiard Hall one of the most popular resorts in the town. They first opened out upwards of a year ago on the east side, but became west-siders in February, 1884. Their premises are situated on the corner of Stephen avenue and ________street. Their buildings are 70x22. The hall contains two Brunswick-Balke tables, and a bar supplied with the best temperance drinks in the Northwest and the choicest cigars. Mr. Clark is esteemed among the old timers. He was six years connected with the Mounted Police Force having been stationed at Fort Walsh, McLeod and Calgary. Mr. Clark last summer erected a neat cottage next door to the hall where he resides. At the town election last fall he was elected a councillor. He is one of the most devoted friends of the town, and he has proved his confidence by actual works.

F.J. Claxton

This gentleman came to the town in 1883. He enjoys the honor of being the pioneer baker of the place. He opened out on the east side of the Elbow river, and also opened on the west side in August, 1884. His bakery was the first frame building in the new town. His present shop and bakery are next to the Northwest Land Company's office, Stephen avenue. In addition to his bakery, Mr. Claxton keeps a large and varied assortment of confectionery. Mr. Claxton is doing a good business, and it is rapidly increasing.

Fitzgerald Cochrane

Mr. Cochrane located in Calgary in the latter part of last May. He previously resided for two years at Prince Albert where he practised his profession, in addition editing the Prince Albert Times. He is originally from Halifax, Nova Scotia, having been admitted to the Bar of that province in 1857. He is consequently the oldest admitted barrister in the Northwest Territory. Besides his varied experience in the courts of the other provinces and being a Supreme Court reporter of decisions, Mr. Cochrane is well-known among Canadian journalists and writers for his graceful and fluent style as well as for the vigor of his pen. His defense of the prisoner McManus, tried for the murder of Buckskin Shorty in July last, is admitted to have been able, the prisoner being only convicted of man-slaughter, and getting off with a light punishment. Mr. Cochrane has offices opposite the post office, and he is working up an excellent practice.

George Constantine

Mr. Constantine opened out in his present stand last April. He bought out Rivet's branch shop. He is a blacksmith and he makes a specialty of horseshoeing. He has made considerable building improvements in his line since he began so that now his premises are quiet large and well fitted up. His location is next door to Rogers & Grant's, Stephen avenue.

John Cottingham

One of the business men of Calgary, who says little and does a great deal that is useful is the subject of this sketch. Mr. Cottingham arrived in the latter part of June, 1883, and opened out across the river, as a saddle and harness maker. In February, 1884, he moved across the river with the throng, and located on Stephen avenue, nearly opposite the Northwest Land Company's office. Last summer Mr. C. made extensive improvements in his building, enlarging his store room and putting another story on the structure. Mr. Cottingham is a good tradesman He manufactures much of his own stock and he is doing a large trade. Like the other pioneer trademen of the west, Mr. Cottingham is a man of excellent education, of refined habits and an estimable citizen

Mark Cuzner

Mr. Cuzner until a few weeks ago was Mr. Ogburn's assistant. He has recently opened out on his own account in Mr. Millward's building next door to the Star Bakery and two doors east of the Northwest Land Company's office, Stephen avenue. Mr. Cuzner is an expert in his art. His shaving and hair-dressing parlor has been elegantly fitted up. Attached to his parlor are bath rooms, Tuesdays and Fridays being exclusively for ladies.

His stock has been carefully selected and as he is a first-class mechanic, he has already received a good share of customers. His advertisement will be found opposite.

Cummings & Allen

The mammoth stables on the north-side of Stephen avenue west are conspicuous evidence of the faith Mr. John Glenn has in the future of Calgary, for these buildings which are leased to the above named enterprising livery firm, have been pub up by Mr. Glenn at a considerable cost.

Messrs. Cummings & Allan are from Montana. Their stables are the completest of the kind in the town, as their card elsewhere amply attests. They opened out last August. Their accommodation comprises livery, feed and sale stables, besides making a specialty of saddle horses and furnishing new-comers, explorers and businessmen with rigs and teams at moderate rates. Messrs. C. and A. are doing a large and rapidly increasing business and are well appreciated by the travelling public.  

John Dean

Is proprietor of the Alberta Laundry. This industry is situated on the bank of the Elbow, near J. G. Baker & Co.'s old stand, and has been in working order for three years. The laundry is one of the most complete of its kind in the Northwest. At the invitation of Mr. Dean we made a special inspection of the premises, and found everything perfect. The wash-house is fitted up with the most improved machinery, and the situation on the bank of the river could not be more favorable. Mr. Dean takes the lead; his wife superintends the work, and much of the success of the laundry is due to her industry. Their dwelling-house is neat and comfortable; and the stables and hen-house are further evidences of the industry of the proprietor. The advertisement of the Alberta Laundry will be found elsewhere.

Francis Dick

This gentleman's office and lumber-yard are situated on Stephen avenue, immediately west of Sparrow's meat-market. He deals in lumber, shingles, laths, sash, doors, mouldings, building-paper, etc., and always keeps on hand a large stock in his line. Mr. Dick is a son of Mr. Dick, of the well-known lumber-milling firm of Dick & Banning, of Manitoba. His card is elsewhere.

T.H. Dunne

The subject of this sketch is deserving of more than a passing notice. In 1876 he joined the Mounted Police force, and was staff sergeant until the summer of 1582, when he left the force and became guide for a party of prospectors, who explored the coal-fields between Medicine Hat and the Blackfoot Crossing, and was duly complimented for his services. Mr. Dunne then took a position in the Indian Department, and from that started the first hotel in Calgary, the Calgary House, on the east side, which he and Mrs. Dunne successfully conducted until the centre of business changed to the west side; though it may be said that he was among the last to leave the old town-site, as the Calgary Hotel was an excellent hostelry until the summer of last year, when it was closed; Mr. Dunne is, however, one of those men who cannot remain idle. After closing up his hotel we find him busily engaged in working up a theatrical company: for, as soon as Boynton Hall (now Calgary Theatre Hall) was projected, he was one of the moving spirit. Its excellent stage and its arrangements are due to his experience, taste, and judgment. The first theatrical performance of any consequence ever given in Calgary-Byron's burlesque of "Diavolo "-owes its success to Mr. Dunne, and his desire to furnish healthy fun and intellectual recreation to the community; and if it has not been profitable to himself, it has been a great benefit to the lovers of amusement. Mr. and Mrs. Dunne deserve well of the Calgary people, and we are sure that their efforts will yet be fully rewarded. In a sketch of Calgary Theatre Hall elsewhere Mr. Dunne's name receives additional mention,  

A. Ferland & Co.

This enterprising firm do a general business. Their general store is situated on the south side of Stephen avenue, nearly opposite the Hudson's Bay Company's store. Four years ago Mr. Ferland commenced trading in a covered wagon along the line of the Canadian Pacific Railway from Flat Creek, 35 miles west of Brandon. He followed the advance of the construction company. He did business for a period at Broadview, Qu'Appelle (Troy), and Regina. Mr. Ferland was the first business man to send a telegram from Leopold, now Regina. He also did business for a time at Medicine Hat, and in 1883 he opened out at the first crossing of the Bow, near the old ferry, about two miles from the Elbow. He subsequently moved to the old town-site on the east side of the Elbow. That was in August of that year. In April of last year they moved to their present location on Stephen avenue. In May of last year Mr. Ferland associated himself with Mr. Chas. Watson, an old experienced trader. They have pushed their business along the track to the Summit, and west to the Columbia. They have a branch store at Laggan, in charge of Mr. Watson. Their business last year. amounted to $50,000. Mr. Ferland commenced business with $300, and he says he thinks his efforts have been successful, and that he cannot grumble at the country. The firm have had plans executed for a new block to be erected by them during the coming season Their advertisement will be found on another page.

J.G. Fitzgerald

This gentleman is one of the pioneers who came in advance of the Canadian Pacific Railway, and dates his arrival from 1882. He has a ranche on the Bow River, and is also a land, mining, and general agent. He is also deputy-sheriff for the Calgary district, and has lately published a business directory of Calgary. His office is next door to Mr. Lougheed's, barrister, Stephen avenue west.

R.W. Fletcher

This gentleman came in 1878. He was formerly in the employ of Winder & Co., but he has for some time been engaged with Messrs. G. C. King & Co. Mr. Fletcher does the outside work for this firm. Like all the early comers he is a ranche-owner, and has made improvements. Mr. Fletcher was formerly in the Police force, in which he served with credit.

Charles Flint

Mr. Flint is a". old Northwester, having arrived in Manitoba in 1874. He came to Calgary from Medicine Hat last year, and first opened out next to Boynton Hall in December last. Mr. Flint is a connoisseur in his art, and manufactures beer and porter that are second to none in the Northwest.

George L. Fraser

One of Calgary's foremost business men, who possess real live pluck and indomitable energy, and who has unbounded faith in the future of Calgary, is the subject of this sketch. Mr. Fraser came to Calgary from Arnprior, Ontario, in August, 1883. Like many Canadians from other provinces, Mr. Fraser came to the Northwest to push his fortunes, and if ever a man was entitled to succeed Mr. Fraser is certainly that individual. Shortly after his arrival he opened out in the fruit and confectionery line on Stephen avenue, and he has since continued to increase his business whereever a legitimate opportunity has presented itself. Like many other successful business men, Mr. Fraser has found an untiring adviser and assistant in Mrs. Fraser, to whose sound judgment Mr. Fraser is undoubtedly indebted for much of his success.

Mr. Fraser's latest enterprise and one which the younger portion of the community fully appreciated was the building last fall of a large skating rink on the corner of Ostler street and Stephen avenue adjoining his store. This rink is second to none in the Northwest. It was erected at considerably outlay, has been well patronized since it opened, and it is now a recognised institution of the town. Mr. Fraser contemplates turning it into a roller rink during the coming summer and for this purpose he is importing a large number of roller skates from Chicago.

Mr. and Mrs. Fraser have frequently served private and public parties as caterers, invariably giving the guest the utmost satisfaction. They intend, among other improvements in their store, to add for summer use one of the latest and most improved soda water fountains. Mr. Fraser expended several thousand dollars in his business since he commenced and he has emphatically proven his faith in the future of the town by substantial work.

J.S. Freeze

Mr. Freeze started in 1883 in partnership with Mr. Vanwort and then on his own account. He moved from the east side about the 1st of last March. He moved his building also, and has since put an addition to it and otherwise improved it. He has established a snug little trade, especially with the mountains and several times during the past summer he has taken gold dust in trade for goods. Mr. Freeze is an esteemed citizen. He has proven his faith in the town by works.

He is a school trustee and no doubt will be elected to the next council as he is popular, possesses go-aheadtiveness without being reckless, and is regarded as a useful citizen.

Lafayette French

One of the oldest of the "old timers" who put his trust in Calgary and keeps his powder dry is the subject of this sketch. Mr. French's advent to the vicinity of Calgary dates back fifteen years ago. He first located at High River, and he was an eye-witness of many of the old scenes and incidents that happened in the palmy days. To Mr. French we are indebted for the origin of the fort, familiarly known as "stand off;" for the boys stood off everybody who undertook to interfere with them, hence the name. Mr. French has proved his confidence in Calgary like every substantial citizen should by works. He has already built five houses in the town, and sunk one of the best wells in the place. Mr. French built at High River 12 years ago. He commenced to farm six months ago, and in his time he has mined extensively in British Columbia and in other portions of the coast He has unbounded confidence in the future of this district  

James D. Geddes

Mr. Geddes located in the Calgary district about three years ago. He first took up a ranche near the Ghost river, northwest of the Bow, but preferring the Bow river country, he took up his ranche on the last named river about four miles from town three years ago. Mr. Geddes has upwards of two hundred head of stock, and has made extensive improvements. In June last when the electoral district of Calgary was organised he was elected its representative to the Northwest Council over his opponent, Mr. Oswald by fifteen votes.

Gerald House

The Gerald House is a popular hostlery. Mr. A R. Gerald, well and favorably known to old Winnipeggers, is its proprietor. The Gerald House is situated on Atlantic avenue next door but one to the Exchange Billiard Hall. The traveller will find the Gerald House a first-class hostlery.

J.S. Gibb & Co.

One of the first traders to follow up the main line of the C. P. R. during its construction was Mr. J. S. Gibb. He was one of the first to pitch his tent on the east side of the Elbow during the boom" and open out in the general line. When the rush to the west side took place a little over a year ago, Messrs. Gibb & Co. moved across to their present location nearly opposite the Dominion Land Office, Stephen avenue west. This firm built the present fine premises, and they keep on hand a large and varied general stock and are doing a considerable trade especially with ranchers and new settlers. The Calgary business is managed by Mr. J. S Gibb, who is a shrewd business man and who is thoroughly at ease in his line. This firm have lately established a branch store at High River Their advertisement will be found opposite the title page of this book.

J. McD. Gordon

This gentleman is the efficient Dominion Lands Agent in Calgary. He was appointed in May last Mr. Gordon's office is situated on Stephen avenue west.  

T. Huggard

This gentleman is Inspector of Weights and Measures for this district, Mr. Huggard was formerly in the same position at Winnipeg. He was transferred to this place last year. His office is on Stephen avenue west, next to the Rossin House.

Haines & Gridley

These gentlemen are the leading photographers in the place. Their "Mona Gallery " is on Atlantic avenue, opposite the C. P. R. station. They make a specialty of Indian pictures, groups and Rocky Mountain scenery. They are fully abreast of the times possessing the latest and most improved apparatus. Their card will be found elsewhere.

A.W. Haldimand

This gentleman has but recently arrived. He is the successor to Mr. Alexander Macdonald, late assistant to Dr. Henderson, and manager of Medical Hall It will be seen from the card published in another place that this popular drug store has passed into the hands of Messrs. Kenneth Campbell & Co., of Montreal, one of the largest wholesale druggists in the Dominion. In addition to their magnificent wholesale house in that city, they have two retail stores doing a large and flourishing business. He is a courteous gentleman whom we can favorably recommend to the notice of the public.

Dr. Henderson

This gentleman came to Calgary in 1883. He is a graduate of McGill College, Montreal, of which city he is a native. He was the first medical practioner in the town. He has a large and increasing practice. He is on the C. P. R. staff as a surgeon and his proven his faith in Calgary by erecting a handsome residence in the town. Dr. Henderson was one of the civic committee. He is public spirited and popular. His name was mentioned in convention with the mayoralty last December, but he declined nomination. He is quite a young man and in the rising town of Calgary he cannot fail to give a good account of himself in the future.

Richard T. Hardisty

This gentleman is the manager of the Hudson's Bay Company's business at this place. Chief Factor Hardisty is, if we mistake not, one of the oldest, if not the oldest timer in the Northwest. The store of the Hudson's Bay Company was opened on the east side of the Elbow River in 1875 in charge of Mr. John Bunn, Mr. Fraser shortly afterwards taking charge. Mr. Hardisty's arrival in Calgary dates from August, 1883. His life time has been spent in the service of the Company. He was stationed eight years at the Rocky Mountain House, four at Winnipeg, and altogether nineteen years at Edmonton and Victoria. He is still in his prime, and he is highly respected by classes, and his friends may be counted in hosts. Few men have had better opportunities or more experience to judge the capabilities of this district than has Mr. Hardisty. Last year the Company's new store was built by Messrs. Jarret & Cushing, builders. It is situated on the corner of Stephen avenue and MacTavish street opposite Sparrow's meat market. It is a large frame building with a handsome front, and it is now stocked with general merchandize. The old store from the east side h as been removed to the rear of the new building, and it is now used as a ware-house.

The Company do a large trade. Mr. Hardisty has an efficient assistant in Mr. Parlow. Chief Factor Hardisty has proved his faith in Calgary by erecting three or four substantial buildings his own private property, notably the Dominion Lands office building and the building occupied by Messrs. Rodgers & Grant, hardware merchants, a sketch of whom will be found elsewhere.

S.J. Hogg & Co.

This firm, in which is associated Mr. Deacon, started in August, 1883, and they first located near the old C.P.R. station, where they did a large business in supplying the then active demand for lumber caused by the building boom which prevailed at that time. In April, 1884, they moved to their present extensive premises, opposite Glenn's stables, Stephen avenue west, where they have commodious office room and plenty of yard accomodation for their lumber a large stock of which they always keep on hand. Mr. Hogg is a shrewd business man, and his partner is a practical man of long experience.

At the first town election. held last December in Calgary, Mr. Hogg was elected one of the Councillors. Although there were two tickets in the field, Mr. Hogg enjoyed the distinction of being the only candidate selected by both parties. such was the esteem in which he was held by the electors. Mr. Hogg came from Lowell, Ontario, and he is thoroughly identified with the interests of his adopted town, of which it is needless to say, he is a firm and useful friend.    

George E. Jacques

To this gentleman belongs the honor of being the first watchmaker and jeweller in the Bow River Valley. Mr. Jacques arrived in May, 1881, from Hanover, Ontario. He first located at Mr. John Glenn's, on Fish Creek, making occasional trips to the infant then casting their shadows before, Mr. Jacques bought a small log building in the rear of J. G. Baker & Co.'s cluster of buildings near the Elbow River. This was the first business of the kind opened. It was run first as his own, and afterwards as Jacques & Wilcox, and they did a thriving business. In March, 1884, Mr. Jacques, on his own account, moved into his present premises opposite the Dominion Lands office, Stephen avenue west. Considerable improvements were made in his store last summer, and his large and varied stock of watches, clocks and all kinds of jewellery attest to his rapidly increasing business. Mr. Jacques is pushing, knows the value of being enterprising, and of being a liberal advertiser, has built a house to his store, and he ranks as one of Calgary's foremost successful business men.

Jarret & Cushing

This firm are architects, builders and contractors, and their workshop is situated off Stephen avenue, in the rear of Samples' meat market. They intend shortly to enlarge their workshop to 36 x 30, its present dimensions being 18 x 30. They have ordered the latest improved planing machinery, and they intend to do all the various kinds of work usually done in a planing mill.

This firm, during the past year erected, under contract, a large number of the principal buildings in town. They have recently put up some buildings on the Mission property; and they are about to erect a dwelling on the Mission property for Mr. J. Burland, one for Sergeant Hamilton, and one for Mr. Rozelle. They are now completing a residence for Messrs Rankin & Allan; and they are the contractors for the new $2,000 residence of Mr. Rogers of Rogers & Grant, which is to be erected on the Mission property, and another handsome residence for Mr. R. I. Hardisty to cost about $4,000. The amount of their contracts during the present year will probably amount to $100,000 for buildings alone.

Messrs. Jarret & Cushing's advertisement will be found in another place.

H. Johnston

This gentleman is a builder and contractor of considerable experience. He has now on hand a number of building contracts, among the number a church at Fish Creek. He has only lately entered the field here, though he has been in Calgary for some months. He is owner of Oxford saloon, situated opposite Martin Bros. His advertisement will be found in our advertising space.  

Keohran & Seabury

are proprietors of the Exchange saloon and billiard hall, corner of Atlantic avenue and Osler street. The Exchange is the largest saloon and hall in the town. It is handsomely and tastefully fitted up. Messrs. Keohran & Seabury arrived in Calgary in 1883, and first opened out on the east side of the Elbow. About a year ago they moved to their present premises. They are owners of the buildings occupied by them and they have expended several thousand dollars in improvements, thus proving their faith in the town. They are enterprising and are now making an addition to their buildings, which is to be used a theatre. It will be fitted up at a cost of several hundred dollars. Their outlay in building improvements last season and recently will foot up to $2,000. Their main hall is supplied with two billiard tables, and the bar is stocked with the best light drinks and the choicest cigars. Their advertisement will be found in another place.

G.C. King & Co.

This extensive firm dates back to July, 1883. They do a general business, and first opened out on the east side of the river. Trade having centered on the west side of the river, they erected their present large premises, two frame buildings 39x60 on Stephen avenue east, and in July last moved into them. They have carried at one time as much as $50,000 in stock, consisting of general merchandize. Their chief trade is with the ranches, though they have a large local trade. The business here is managed by Mr. G. C. King who has been eleven~n years in the district. Mr. King is an attentive business man and his firm is recognised as the leading house in the town. Their large and excellent stock of goods fully attests the first-class character of their trade.

Eugene G. Kirby

is the efficient and attentive assistant to Mr. Gordon. He was formerly connected with the Crown Lands Department of Ontario and since his arrival here he has during the temporary absence of Registrar McLean, acted as registrar, giving much satisfaction.  

Rev. Father Lacomb

This distinguished priest and accomplished scholar is well and favorably known all over the Dominion, especially in the North-west, where he has spent many years in valuable work as a Roman Catholic missionary. He arrived in Calgary in 1882, in company with Father Claude, who is still at the mission. Rev. Pere LaComb in 1874 published a dictionary of the Cree language, and he has also translated the New Testament into Cree. The mission here is known as that of Our Lady of Peace. It was first established 25 miles up the Elbow River a number of years ago. Rev. Father Doucet was the founder; then came Father Scullon, now of Edmonton. The mission was subsequently removed to the present site of the Mounted Police, then in charge of Capt. (now Inspector) Brisbois. Rev. Mr. Scullon moved the chapel to the old log building about half a mile south of the present mission, which was occupied until last September. Since Father LaComb came here the mission has greatly improved. A new building has been erected. It is large and commodious, and contains a chapel and residence for the priest The Government some months ago issued a patent for the land, and a considerable portion of it has been surveyed into town lots, and is now offered for sale on reasonable terms.

Rev. Father LaComb is a popular man amongst all classes, especially with the Indians, of whom he is a true and influential friend. In all matters connected with the advancement of Calgary Rev. Father LaComb has taken a warm interest, without sacrificing his duties as a zealous missionary.

Lafferty & Smith

This firm are about to open a branch in Calgary, as we go to press. They established their banking business in Regina two and a half years ago, and they are known all over the Northwest as private bankers of experience. Their branch at Regina has been under the able management of Mr. Smith, who is establishing the agency in Calgary, and whose experience and ability as a private banker rank well in all circles. Mr. Christie takes charge of the Calgary branch, and we have good reasons for believing that the advent of the firm here augurs well for the future of the town. These gentlemen have connections with all the leading banks and financial houses in the Dominion and elsewhere, and as reliable private bankers we think they deserve well of the Calgary public. Their banking house is next to the post-office, on Stephen avenue.

Leeson & Scott

This firm are proprietors of the Royal Mail Stage Line, whose advertisement will be found elsewhere. They run weekly stages from Qu'Appelle Station to Prince Albert, Battleford, and Fort Pitt, and fortnightly from Calgary to Edmonton and Fort Saskatchewan. The route to Fort Pitt is 500 miles, and that to Fort Saskatchewan 220 miles, being a total route of 720 miles. Each stage has four horses, and there are comfortable stopping-places along the route. Mr. George K. Leeson, who resides in Calgary, is well and favorably known all over. He superintends the Edmonton route; and Mr. Scott, who resides at Qu'Appelle, manages the Prince Albert route. They run stages both ways, and since they took the contract have given satisfaction to both the Government and the public. They have spacious stables at terminal points, and their stages are safe and comfortable.

N.J. Lindsay

This gentleman commenced the practice of his profession in 1 883. His office and dwelling-house are situated on Stephen avenue east. Dr. Lindsay is a member of the Town Council, but is at present absent from town, and will be absent for some months.

James C. Linton

In April, 1884, this gentleman came from Rat Portage, Manitoba, with a well-selected stock of books, periodicals, stationery, and bric-a-brac. He opened out in his present store on Stephen avenue, two doors east of the Royal Hotel. Mr. Linton is a courteous salesman and an attentive business man, who is obtaining a good share of the trade. He makes a specialty of 5cho~-books, and in his line he is ahead of the times. His trade is rapidly increasing. His card will be found opposite.

James A. Lougheed

This gentleman is a lawyer. He opened his office in October, 1883, first near J. G. Baker & Co., and removed to his present location, next door to the Hudson's Bay Company, about a year ago. Besides the practice of his profession, he is agent for the sale of Hudson's Bay Company's lands and solicitor for the Canadian Pacific Railway Company, and agent for other associations.  

Alex. MacDonald

Mr. Macdonald was the first who started in the livery, feed and stable business in Calgary. He first built on the east side of the Elbow during the rush and then re-established his business on the west side in September, 1884. Mr. Macdonald has built his present stables, situated opposite Parrish & Co.'s, on Stephen avenue, and will be found at his stables always, and his saddle horses, single and double rigs, cart, wagon and pack horses, will be found without equal in the Bow River country.

Mr. Macdonald is well-known among old-timers, and his outfit will be found suitable to the growing demand. We can respectfully recommend all new-comers to Mr. Macdonald's stables.

Donald MacKenzie

Mr. Mackenzie's arrival here dates about a year ago. He went to Silver City and there opened a brick yard. This he shortly after-wards discontinued and returned to Calgary in July last when he opened out near the railway buildings in his line as bricklayer, mason and plasterer. Mr. Mackenzie is a thorough mechanic. He is importing considerable quantities of lime from the kiln at Kananaskis Pass, in the mountains. He is from Inverness, Scotland, and his card will be found elsewhere.

Martin Bros.

This firm deal in hardware, stoves, tinware, paints, oils, groceries, and provisions. They make a specialty of tin roofing. Their premises are situated on the corner of Stephen avenue and street They came to Calgary from Kincardine, Ont., in March, 1884. They have put up one of the finest stores in town. They do a large trade with the Edmonton district. They are strictly attentive business men whose trade is rapidly increasing.

James V. Martin

established himself in 1883 on the east side of the Elbow near the Hudson's Bay Co.'s store, He moved over to his present location on Osler street in rear of the Exchange billiard hall. He is a carriage-maker and wheel-wright and makes this line a specialty. He is a thorough mechanic. His card is in our advertising space.

Wheeler Mickle

Mr. Mickle passed through this country in 1862, and lived twenty years in British Columbia. He spent a year at Fort MacLeod, and opened out the first feed and livery stables in Calgary, in August, 1883, on the east side of the Elbow. He gave up the livery business last fall, but he is about to re-engage in it. His new place is on the Mission property where he has erected a dwelling-house and stable.

J.H. Millward

Mr. Millward arrived in Calgary on March 6th, 1884. He located on the new town site, Stephen avenue, next door to the new office of the Northwest Land Company. He is a painter and glazier, and does first-class work. Mr. Millward made extensive improve-meat in his premises during the last summer. He enlarged his old store and rented it to F. J. Claxton for a baker shop, and put up a new shop alongside of the old one, which he has since rented to Mr. Cuzner for a barber's shop. He also put up last summer a dwelling house in the rear of his shop. Recently he removed his dwelling house to Angus avenue, and has put up a new paint shop alongside of his house. Mr. Millward, is an artistic workman. He is a firm friend of the place and public-spirited. He was elected a Town Councillor last December, and was appointed a J. P. for the North-west Territories last month He prepared the design for the corporation seal, which consists of a "bucking cayuse," ridden by a "cow-boy," with the Rocky Mountains in perspective. Mr. Millward is a zealous Councillor and, although quite a young man, shows much tact and judgment in the conduct of public affairs. He is the son-in-law of Thomas Swan, Esq., one of the fathers of incorporation.

James R. Mitchell

Mr. Mitchell is a practical tailor. He came to Calgary nearly two years ago, in August, and located near J. G. Baker & Co.'s where he remained until the west side rush took place, when he joined the westward march. Mr. Mitchell has built his own place of business nearly opposite the Masonic Temple, Stephen avenue; and he has firmly planted himself in his line. He is an esteemed citizen, and is securing a fair share of custom. Mr. Mitchell's card will be found in our advertising space.

Mortimer & Co.

This firm established themselves near J. G. Baker & Co.'s store in July, 1884. They shortly afterwards established a branch on the new town site. They moved to their present extensive premises on Atlantic avenue, next to Vanwart & Son, last August. Mr. Mortimer, who is the chief manager, is a man of live enterprise and push, besides being a practical baker. His arrangement for the manufacture of aereated waters are most complete, and he manufactures an article second to none on sale. Lately the firm has had two patent blast ovens, built at considerable outlay, These are something new and show that the firm are fully abreast of the times in their craft.

We would respectfully direct the attention of our readers to Messrs. Mortimer & Co.'s advertisement which will be found opposite.

George Murdoch

One of the moving spirits who is connected with the progress and welfare of Calgary is the subject of this sketch. Mr. Murdoch arrived from St. John, New Brunswick, in what is now Calgary in March, 1883. He came ahead of the railway, having left it at Swift Current, which was then the most western point of railway communication at that time, Mr. Murdoch was the first harness maker in Calgary who opened on his own account. Lumber was then selling at the rate of $60 per thousand and it was an exceedingly scarce article even at that price He at once put a 12x12 shack on the west side of the Elbow. This was the first frame building erected in Calgary and in this he went to work at his trade. Shortly after the advanced graders reached the Elbow Mr. Murdoch built a Tog house on the east side of the river at a cost of $300, each log costing $2. Nothing cost less than a dollar in those flush times. He subsequently built a small addition to his shop and he remained doing business there until last February when his shop and addition were removed to his present location on Atlantic avenue, opposite the C.P.R. freight warehouse. Mr. Murdoch is a considerable property owner in Calgary, and he has not failed to prove his confidence in the place by works.

Mr. Murdoch is public spirited, and he has always taken an active interest in the welfare of the place. In December, 1883, he was elected a member of the civic committee, and amid many stormy scenes he has invariably carried his point. He is the only member of the council who was a member of the civic committee. He is personally popular, a good public speaker, a reader of the best current publications, and an attentive student of the Northwest ordinances.

He is a proficient tradesman, now manufacturing as good and as cheap a saddle as can be made in Montana and made to order too. He has the honor of being the first mayor of Calgary, and since his election he has been appointed a Justice of the Peace for the Northwest Territory. He is besides energetic, industrious and a faithful worker in the interests of the town

Murphy & Martin

These gentlemen are merchant tailors. They opened out in their present location Stephen avenue, two doors west of the Medical Hall in April last. Mr. Murphy is a practical tailor and has had a long and varied experience in Canada and the United States. They keep three or four hands at work and are doing a good business. Attention is directed to their card elsewhere.

E. McCoskrie & Co.

This firm carry on business of architects and mining engineers and building surveyors. Mr. McCoskrie is well and favorably known all over the Northwest. Their office is on the south side of Stephen avenue, east of McTavish street, nearly opposite the Hudson's Bay Company's store. Mr. McCoskrie has had upwards of thirty years' experience in his profession. He was a resident of Manitoba for twelve years, most of which time was spent in Winnipeg. He designed the plans and snperintended the construction of the Merchants' and Ontario Bank buildings, and Christ's Church. He also practiced his profession in Brandon and Regina for some time where are to be found numerous proofs of his superior architectural skill. In February, 1884, he came to Calgary where his firm have been doing a large business. Mr. McCoskrie, who is undoubtedly at the head of his profession, has already designed the plans for a large number of residences and other buildings which compare most favorably with anything of the kind in Toronto notably a general store for Messrs. J. G. Baker & Co., Mr. Bleeker's residence on the east side of the Elbow, the "Bungalow," a residence for N. T. Ramsay, Esq. The plate glass front for Mr. Ogburn's barber shop, which is equal to anything in Toronto. A church at Fort Creek, and a private residence for the Rev. E. Parke Smith. The plans for the proposed bridge across the Elbow have also been prepared by this firm, also a block of stores for A. Ferland & Co., merchants.

One of the handsomest residences is that which Mr. Borrowdale intends building just south of the town, on the mission property. A number of plans of private residences have been prepared by the firm, and these structures are about to be built on this property. The Church of the Redeemer (Episcopal) is admitted to be one of the prettiest in the Northwest. The design was made by Mr. McCoskrie. Mr McCoskrie is connected with the Government in tile construction of public works at Medicine Hat, and one of his latest experiments, which has proved successful, is the manufacture of hydraulic selenite lime and portland-cement.

Neil McLeod

The subject of this sketch is well and favorably known amongst hotel people. Mr. McLeod came to Calgary in June, 1883. A carpenter and builder by trade, he soon found employment with Major Walker, with whom he worked until October of the same year, when he built and established the Grand Central Hotel, which is one of the popular hostelries of the place.

Last year Mr. McLeod rented the Grand Central to Mr. R. G. Ogburn. The premises were renovated and greatly improved. Last month Mr. Ogburn retired from the business, and it is now run by Mr. Hugh McLeod, a nephew of the original proprietor, Mr. Neil McLeod retaining a general supervision of the business. Of the many property-owners who have proved their faith in the future of Calgary by actual works Mr. McLeod stands at the head of the list, and in due time we hope that he will reap the benefit of his enterprise and industry. The card of the Grand Central will be found in our advertising pages.

McIntyre & Davidson

This well-known firm of watchmakers and jewellers opened out April, 1884. They have a branch of their business in Portage la Prairie, Manitoba, which has been established four years. The branch here is conducted by Mr. C. N. Davidson who is a skillful mechanic in his line. They keep on hand a large and varied stock of watches, clocks and jewellry, and plated ware, and they are continually adding to their stock of jewellry and silverware. They erected a fine store on Stephen avenue opposite the P. 0. last summer. Their advertisement will be found on the opposite page.

McNeil Bros.

These popular young men have recently taken the Rossin House under their own management. It was formerly conducted by their father, Mr. Archibald McNeil. The Rossin is a popular resort, and under its present managers it is sure to retain its popularity. The Messrs. McNeil's card will be found elsewhere.

McVitty Bros.

These gentlemen are surveyors, real estate, and mining agents. Their office is on Stephen avenue, next to Trott's drug store.    

R.G. Ogburn

This gentleman started in May, 1883. He is admittedly at the bead of his profession. His barber's shop, furniture, and outfit complete is the best this side of Chicago. He first opened out in a small building near Baker's store. Shortly afterwards he moved to a small building next to the railway track, moving to his present premises opposite the post office April 4,1884. His parlor contains six of the best chairs made, besides a children's chair. In connection with his parlor are three bath-rooms and one shower-bath-room. Mr. Ogburn has an artistic design for neatness, and a taste for comfort and convenience of arrangement, which few artists in the tonsorial line possess. He has a preference for improvement, and does not allow himself to be excelled by competitors. He has made arrangements for a new front to his parlor, plans of which have been shown us. The new front is to consist of plate-glass 11 feet 4 inches high. The front itself will be 25 feet high, and ~ hen complete it will have nothing to equal it in the Dominion. The ceiling is to be worked by Mr. D. R. Clark, plasterer, of Calgary. The panelled ceiling will be something elegant, and the corners will have nothing superior in this country. Mr. Ogburn's enterprise is not exceeded by his artistic taste in design and arrangement. He is at the top of his profession, and never allows the times to come quite abreast of him. His advertisement will be found on the opposite page.  

Parrish & Co.

This firm, in which is associated Mr. T. Soules, have their place of business on Stephen avenue, two doors east of the Castle Mountain Billiard Hall.

They carry on business as dealers in flour, feed, oats, bran, shorts, produce, and provisions of all kinds. Their front store-room is 24 by 50, with a capacious cellar and loft-room. They have also a large addition in the rear of the main store-house.

They opened out a year ago last February, and during the past summer erected the large building mentioned They have done a very large trade in vegetables, and it is their intention to meet the great demand for seed which is shortly expected. They have supplied a large quantity of flour to the people of this district since they commenced. The volume of their business for the past year will exceed $30,000.

Much of their success is to be attributed to the careful and courteous management of Mr. Soules, hacked up by the pushing enterprise of Mr. Samuel Parrish, whose head-quarters are in Brandon, Manitoba.

John Patterson

A pioneer of the new arrivals is the subject of this sketch Mr. Patterson followed shortly after Messrs. McLean and Thomas, and opened out in a general line next to J. G. Baker & Co.'s, near the Elbow. As an instance of the life that was in trade in those days, it is worth mentioning that from the 5th of June to the 3rd of July, 1883 - less than a month - Mr. Patterson took cash receipts amounting to $9,000. As an instance of his energy, we may mention that he travelled on foot from a point ten miles west of Maple Creek, and had his goods transported in wagons from that point. Mr. Patterson remained doing business near the Elbow until last April, when he came to the new town-site with the throng. In March of last year he commenced to build his present store on Atlantic avenue, next to the Grand Central, and in the following month he opened in his new premises, adding to his stock the finest lines of boots and shoes in the Northwest.

Mr. Patterson is an upright man and a practical hoot and shoe manufacturer, and by strict attention to business and square dealing he has worked up a large trade.

Peterson & Peterson

These gentlemen are lawyers. Mr. A. M. Peterson has his office in Brandon, Man., the Calgary branch being in charge of his brother, Mr. C. W. Peterson. His office is on Stephen avenue, opposite the Northwest Land Company's office. Mr. Peterson is agent at Calgary for the Saskatchewan Land and Homestead Co., especially for the sale of the pine lands on the Red-deer River. His card will he found among those of the legal profession.

F.W. Petite

This gentleman represents insurance, the following companies being on his list: The Union Mutual, of Maine; the Accident Insurance Co. ; City of London (Fire); Commercial Union; and the Guarantee Co. of North America. He is also agent for the Cunard Line. His office is next door to Dr. Lindsay's, Stephen avenue east.  

W.T. Ramsay

This gentleman is agent for the Northwest Land Company at Calgary. He is a son of G. Ramsay, Esq., president of the Canada Life Assurance Co., of Hamilton, Out. Mr. Ramsay has his office in the Land Company's building, two doors east of the post-office, Stephen avenue. He is courteous and attentive, and, in all matters connected with the company he represents, business-like and obliging.

S.A. Ramsay

This gentleman is agent for the well-known firm of John Elliott & Son, of London, Ont., agricultural implement manufacturers. He located in Calgary about a year ago. Mr. Ramsay is also agent for the Domestic sewing machine. He is also agent for pumps, buck-board and buggies manufactured by John Campbell, manufacturer, of London, Ont. His office is situated on Stephen avenue, opposite the town hall. His card will be found elsewhere.

Rankin & Allan

These gentlemen established themselves in Calgary, April, 1884. ~heir store is next door to Thompson Eros., north side of Stephen avenue nearly opposite the Royal Hotel. Their line is exclusively dry goods and finery in which they are experts, as they have had large experience in the Old Country, in the United States, and latterly in Winnipeg, Man. They are specialists in their line and from an intimate knowlege of their business they are enabled to select their stock and buy to the best advantage which is a benefit to their customers. They are attentive to their business, courteous in their dealings and are building up a safe and flourishing trade. Their advertisement will be found opposite.

John B. Rivet

is blacksmith and carriage~maker. He dates his arrival back to 1883. He opened out on the east side of the Elbow, and subsequently established a branch on the west side which he conducted until last summer when he sold it out to Mr. Constantine noticed elsewhere. Mr. Rivet is hard working and enterprising and his latest move has been to purchase some lots just south of the 'station where he has put up a blacksmith's shop and carriage works. His advertisement will be found elsewhere.

J.H.Rodway

Mr. Rodway is a practical tinsmith. He dates back to August, 1883, when he located on the east side. He was the first in his line and he has pushed a steady trade since he began and has built up a good business. Mr. Rodway remained on the east side until last August when he removed his stock to his present stand which is the old Queen's hotel on Atlantic avenue, where he may be found at all hours as a busy worker. We can recommend Mr. Rodway to the attention of the Calgary public.

Royal Hotel

This popular hostlery was first established in 1883 by J. D. Moulton, now of New Orleans. The present proprietor's Messrs. Martin & Reilly took possession in October last. The Royal is situated on the corner of Stephen avenue and McTavish, in sight of the C.P.R. station. It is a leading resort of travellers.

Rogers & Grant

This firm opened out in May last Their premises are situated on Stephen avenue opposite the post office. They carry on the business of dealers in shelf and heavy hardware, stoves, tin, sheet iron and copperware, silver and plated goods, cultery, oils, glass, black-smith supplies, carriage hardware, anvils, bar iron, bellows, forges, cast-steel, hammers, nails, barbed wire and so forth. They have had a long experience in their line and keep the largest hardware stock west of Winnipeg. Their present store is 20x30, they put up an addition last year, also a large warehouse in the rear of their lot as their rapidly increasing trade made it necessary for them to increase their stock. Their bar iron and carriage hardware are a specialty. A special feature in their line is that they handle heating and cook stoves, barbed wire and heavy goods in car loads direct from the manufactory.

Their establishment is one of the most useful among the mercantile firms in Calgary. In selecting Calgary as business place they have wisely seen that in the near future the town must become a distributing center. The firm comprises Mr. E. R. Rogers and Mr. Archibald Grant.  

A.P. Samples

This firm deal in stock, and have an extensive meat-market on Stephen avenue, opposite Trott's drug store, which they opened out in August last. Mr. Samples, with whom is associated Mr. Marsh, is an oldtimer. He has been in the country since 1871, and a large portion of that time was spent in trading. He is essentially a stock man, who is thoroughly at home with the fierce bovine. Mr. Samples has been successful. He is now fulfilling a cattle contract with the Canadian Pacific Railway Co., and he is also interested in a rich coal-mine in the mountains. He is a western man of wide practical experience, and ranks as one of the foremost business men in the district.

W.D. Scott

This gentleman arrived in Calgary last January. He is agent for the Canadian Pacific Railway Land Department, which he assisted to organize in Winnipeg in 1881. Mr. Scott has opened his office in the Northwest Land Co.'s office, where he will give all information connected with the sale of the company's lands in this district.

A.C. Sparrow & Co.

This firm entered into business in June, 1883. They opened out alongside of J. G. Baker & Co.'s store. They are dealers in beef cattle and other stock, and opened out their extensive meat market corner of Stephen avenue and McTavish street in April of last year. They have the most complete meat market west of Chicago. They have killed upwards of 3,500 head of cattle since they commenced. Their slaughter house which is situated about 2 miles from the town, is a most complete establishment, as is also their meat market and conviences attached. Their refrigerator and ice house are admirably arranged. They supply a wide extent of country with dressed beef. They supply among others the Medicine Hat miners and the Indian reserves. They have expended about $25,000 in building improvements, fixtures, etc. They have erected a large pair of scales on their premises, and carry on their business on a most extensive scale. During the past winter a large warehouse was constantly filled with dressed beef, pork and poultry, all of which has been disposed of. The market business is conducted by Mr. Charles Sparrow, and the branch of the business by Mr. Angus Sparrow. Strangers should visit their market and see for themselves.

S.W. Shaw

Mr. Shaw located on Fish Creek in 1883. He is neighbor of Mr John Glenn and has entered into mixed farming with the right kind of pluck.

Mr. Shaw's excellent meteorlogical tables of the climatology of this district, which are published elsewhere in this book, are a sufficient proof of his painstaking ability. Since his arrival he has kept an accurate record of the temperature winter and summer, and his records are the most thorough and complete of any in the district Mr. Shaw's services in this respect are deserving of the recognition of the Government. His courtesy to the press in furnishing correct information of the climatology of this district is entitled to special mention. Mr. Shaw is also owner of town lots in Calgary on which he has made substantial building improvements.

Capt. Stewart

This gentleman is so well-known that a sketch of him seems hardly necessary. He is from Ottawa, where he is well connected, he being at one time Capt. of the Princess Louise Guards. About four years ago he paid a visit to Fort McLeod in company with several capitalists. Taking a fancy to the country he went into ranching near Pincher Creek, forming a company, and at once brought in a large number of cattle. In 1883 he purchased from Col. Irving and Capt. Denny, a portion of their property on the east side of the Elbow River and had the original town site of Calgary laid out. Capt. Stewart is also proprietor of the Royal Mail Stage Line, which runs between Calgary and Fort McLeod. He is full of enterprise, is already an experienced stock man, is very popular, and is respected by all classes. He has been the means of bringing into the country a number of worthy persons.

Capt. Stewart is destined to take a leading position as one the chief men of the province of Alberta when the time comes. His card will be found on the second page of the cover.

T. Sirett

To Mr. Sirett belongs the honor of being the baker who made the first batch of bread in the town. Mr. Sirett started his bakery next to the Hudson Bay Co.'s store on the east side of the Elbow in July, 1883. He came over to his present location with the rush a year ago. He uses in his bakery a patent revolving oven, and the finest Hungarian process flour. His store and bakery are situated on Atlantic avenue, opposite the station. His card will be found in another place.

Smith & Buck

These gentlemen are builders and contractors. Their workshops are situated on Atlantic avenue west of King's store. Although the partnership is of recent date, Messrs. Smith & Buck are amongst the early comers. They give special attention to staircasing, store fronts, fittings, scroll work, conservatory and ornamental fencing, inner and outer venetian blinds, sash, doors and window frames. They do substantial work and give the best satisfaction.

A.E. Shelton

This gentleman carries on the business of dealer in and manufacturer of all kinds of furniture. His establishment is situated next to Trott's drug store, Stephen avenue. He commenced business last February, the firm being A. E. Shelton & Co., but Mr. Shelton now owns and manages the business himself. He is doing an extensive and rapidly increasing trade which he has built up by strict attention to business. He makes a specialty of office and school furniture and his aim is to keep up to the requirements of the times in every particular. His card will be found in another place.  

J.G. Vanwart & Son

This gentleman came to Calgary in July, 1883. He went into partnership with Mr. J. S Freeze, and they opened out in the general line on the east side of the river until October of the same year, when they dissolved partnership, Mr. Freeze going into business on his own account, and Mr. Vanwart continuing the business at the old stand, taking in his son as partner. Last October they moved from the west side to Atlantic avenue, nearly opposite the C. P. R. station. They keep a general stock, and through strict attention to business and uniform courtesy are getting their share of trade.

Mr. Vanwart, senior, is an esteemed citizen, and although not an ardent aspirant for municipal honors last fall, he was favored with a large and influential requisition to become a candidate for the mayoralty, which he ultimately declined.

Thomson Brothers

This firm deal in books, stationery, periodicals, and fashionable bric-a brac. Their store is a branch of the Portage la Prairie one, conducted by the same firm. Their head store was opened there in 1881. The Calgary branch was opened in April, 1884, in their present premises, next to the post-office. Stephen avenue. It is conducted by Mr. M. P. Thomson, who is an expert in this line of business. This firm have also a branch store in Moose Jaw. They keep on hand a large and varied assortment in their line, and since they opened their branch here have done a good trade, and their business is rapidly increasing.

Trott Brothers

The drug store of these gentlemen is situated on Stephen avenue, next to Sample's meat-market. They opened out last summer, and their stock is complete in every department. They are doing a good business. Their card will be found elsewhere.    

Major James Walker

Thoroughly identified with the rise and progress, and especially the manufacturing industry, of Calgary, is the subject of this sketch.

In 1874 Major Walker, in command of a troop of Mounted Police, left Dufferin, Manitoba, for the far-west. He originally came from Hamilton, Ont., and remained in the force until 1881. He was stationed at Forts Pelly, Battleford, Walsh, and Calgary, and he left the force in the year named and became first manager for the Cochrane Ranche Company for nearly three years. The company, besides their ranche business, imported a saw-mill, which Major Walker purchased on leaving their service, and started the mill on his own account as the Bow River Mills. The mill is located on the major's homestead on the Bow River, about two miles from the crossing of the Elbow.

Having stated to the major our desire to visit his mill and lumber-yard, he kindly sent us a rig and took us "through the mill," and showed us some of the mysteries of the art. The mill is the most complete of the kind in the Northwest. Besides two gang-edgers, there is a planing-machine - the "Economist," manufactured by Frank & Co., Buffalo. N.Y. - a shingle and a lath cutter. The planing-machine is capable of doing all the finest and fanciest work, such as siding, ceiling, and other kinds of fancy lumber, and the way the power is utilized by using belts shows that there is no waste.

Last year Major Walker brought down the Bow River a million feet of lumber, and during the present spring he will add another million feet to his stock. The woods used are cypress, spruce, red and white, and red fir.

Last summer Major Walker lost logs and suffered other damage by the freshet to the amount of $20,000, He has taken care to avoid a similar misfortune this year, as his logs are all above high-water mark. His mill is finely situated on a "coolie," which connects with the Bow River during high-water.

The lumber~yard is an evidence of the mill's industry. Huge piles of boards, siding, shingles, laths, logs, and square timber are to be seen on all sides. There is a blacksmith's shop, and also a carpenter's shop, and a boarding-house for the mill hands. The foreman, Mr. John Patterson, has been in Major Walker's employ for two years, and the blacksmith has been with him since 1876.

Employment is given to at least fourteen men, and last year the major paid out in wages $31,500. This force will be considerably increased during the drive which will take place as soon as it thaws.

About a quarter of a mile from the saw-mill is the major's residence, which was built last summer. It is situated close to the bank of the river, and is without question the finest residence in this part of the Northwest It is beautifully and handsomely furnished, has all the comforts of a home, and is presided over by Mrs. Walker, who is very kind and lady-like. We accept the major's invitation to dinner, and enjoy his hospitality for an hour or two.

No private individual has done more to prove his faith in Calgary than Major Walker. His enterprise has given employment to a great many worthy persons, and he has been the means of bringing to the country from time to time at least fifty individuals, all of whom are doing well

The view of the Rocky Mountains from Major Walker's residence is remarkably fine and extensive. The charming beauty of the location he has made is a substantial proof of his judgment. Though his mill has no competitor, its proprietor does not take undue advantage of the fact. He turns out a good article at reasonable figures, and he has assisted in the advancement of much that is good and commendable, and by his industry has assisted the people of the town.

Major Walker in a substantial manner was the first Chairman of the Civic Committee, and he is thoroughly identified with the welfare of the place. His office is on Stephen avenue east, in charge of his cousin Mr. John Walker; and his advertisement will be found opposite.

J. Douglas White

Mr. White is the pioneer painter and artist of the place. His advent dates back to November, 1883, when he opened out his "Rockies' Paint Shop" next to the old theatre hall on the east side. About the middle of March, 1884, he moved to his present stand one door east of the Dominion Lands' office. Mr. White is an artist of no mean ability. He does house, sign and fancy work and has a competent assistant in Mr. Foote.

For nine years he was a member of the 3rd King's Own Hussars, and he has also been a sergeant in the East Lothian Yeomanry corps. Altogether he has put in seventeen years in the service of Her Majesty, and is yet in his prime as a soldier and mechanic. He holds a number of diplomas from the Royal Scottish Academy, Edinburgh, and from other leading Art Societies, and is an esteemed citizen. Last year he was superintendent of the C. P. R. paint work along the line from Swift Current to Calgary and completed his duties last fall to the entire satisfaction of the Company.

Dr. Wilson

The office of this gentleman is situated one door east of the Royal hotel. Dr. Wilson is a dentist by profession and he is one of the oldtimers, having come to the locality in 1878 as a non-commissioned officer of the Mounted Police, and for a while he was in charge of the fort here. He was also stationed at Fort MacLeod, and at Blackfoot Crossing. He returned from Fort MacLeod in March, 1882, and in September of the following year he purchased his discharge from the police force and immediately opened his office as a surgeon-dentist on the Elbow near Baker's store. He remained there for nearly six months practicing his profession. In April, 1884. Dr. Wilson moved his office to the north side of Stephen avenue, next to Thompson Eros., where he remained until last September, when he moved across the avenue to his present cosy location. Dr. Wilson came from Kingston, Ontario. He has just returned from a professional trip to Edmonton, where he spent some weeks. He is at the top of the profession and is doing a good business.

Wood & Saunders

This firm, although doing business in MacLeod, are well and favorably known in Calgary. They are the proprietors of the MacLeod Gazette, the liveliest and ablest paper in the district. The Gazette is in its third year. It is fearless and outspoken, especially in matters connected with the District of Alberta generally.

It is doing good service both locally and territorially, and is issued from the best filled up office in the Northwest Territory. It is the best authority on ranche matters in the district, and it has the largest circulation of any newspaper in ~he Northwest.

Miss Armstrong

The dressmaking and millinery establishment of this lady is situated on Stephen avenue, near the town-hall. She came here a year ago, and has a large and excellent stock of fancy goods.

The "Nor-Wester"

is a weekly newspaper published by Warner & Son. It was established a year ago. It is a six column folio. The office is situated on Stephen avenue, next door to the Herald office.

The "Herald" Newspaper

This is the pioneer newspaper of Calgary district It was established in 1883. It is a seven column weekly and was first published by Messrs. Armour & Braden. Last fall the Herald Printing and Publishing Company was organized, and it is now published by the company. Messrs. Armour and Braden being still connected with it. The Herald office is situated on Stephen avenue, nearly opposite Fraser's rink.